According to statistics from the Federal Association Technical fire protection (bvfa) have been since 2013 more than 250 Fires reported in hospitals in Germany. At the same time, patients in hospitals and residents in care facilities are often restricted in their freedom of movement. In the event of a fire, these people are particularly at risk. This also applies to visitors who are only briefly in the buildings and are often not familiar with the local conditions. In the event of a fire, it is difficult for you to escape by the quickest and shortest route.
Regulations and guidelines for structural fire protection
Regulations and guidelines apply to structural, technical and organizational fire protection in buildings in the health sector, from which different requirements for structural fire protection result. For example, lines and installations must be arranged in installation shafts that are to be carried out in accordance with MLAR 3.5.1. Pass-away closures in these shafts must be made of non-flammable product, fire-resistant and tightly sealed all around.
Particularly endangered and practical rooms such as operating areas, X-ray and nuclear medicine facilities, laboratory rooms, laundry areas or rooms for electrical facilities must be moved to other areas of the building be separated in a fire-resistant manner. Smoke extraction from stairwells in these facilities must be possible or smoke ingress must be prevented. The multitude of regulations paired with the construction products and the necessary building inspection documentation make the subject of fire protection not exactly easy for architects, specialist planners, builders, operators and executing trades. In addition, issues of architecture, optics, functionality, sustainability and cost optimization must also be taken into account.
Photo: Priorit Storage of laundry, health or laboratory materials on escape routes.
Modular system for building services equipment and expansion of escape routes
One possible solution that can meet these aforementioned requirements for structural fire protection is the fire protection modular system „System 42 „of Priorit AG, special designed for pass away technical building equipment (TGA) as well as the expansion of escape routes within buildings. Following the idea of combining building law and safety-related requirements with high demands on design options while at the same time functional designs, priority has the system 42 developed and continuously developed.
The system 42 is a modular, non-combustible wall and room construction system with a very low wall thickness of only 42 millimeters, which has a fire resistance of 30 or 90 minutes allowed. Pass away single-layer embroidery, ceiling, door and inspection elements can be combined with one another. As a result, various designs, such as systems in I / L / U types, can be implemented independently or in combination with the fire-resistant components in the building.
The fire protection modular system „System 42 „is particularly suitable for the separation of the technical building equipment ( safety systems, AV-SV, ELA, BMA, BOS, emergency lighting systems, emergency power supply etc.) or stored goods on escape routes, for installation shafts and their large-scale revision, for outflow shafts of the RDA systems or fire-resistant room solutions. Fully revisable shafts and partitions can also be built like complete rooms. Construction heights of up to four meters can be implemented without any problems.
Pass away individual elements consist of a panel building material with a non-combustible surface A2-s1, d0 according to EN 13501 -1 is classified through the use of this composite structure toffs, no additional fire loads are introduced into the building. This is exceptionally hard and durable and can be coated with various easy-care and chemically resistant surfaces. The selection ranges from plain colors to high-quality veneer surfaces. Individual components of the „system 30 „such as doors, inspection opening locks or smoke extraction flaps can also be combined with other types of wall. Pass away mosaic of the prefabricated elements is quick, easy and almost dust-free. If necessary, wall elements can be easily adapted to the structural conditions on site.
Photo: Priorit Combination of wall elements and fire barriers, fire resistance 90 minutes. Execution in oak veneer surface.
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